Gumii Paarlaamaa Oromoo (GPO)

Oromo Parliamentarians Council (OPC)


Baga Nagaan Dhuftan!Welcome to Oromo parliamentarians council!











                                           Oromo Culture

Oromo have a very rich culture, fostered by the size of the population and large land areas with diverse climatic conditions. Although Oromos have their own unique culture, history, language, and civilization, they are culturally related to Afars, Somalis, Sidamas, Agaws, Bilens, Bejas, Kunamas, and others. In fact, Oromo is one of the most numerous nations in Africa which enjoys a homogeneous culture and shares a common language, history and descent and once shared common political, religious and legal institutions.

During their long history, the Oromo developed their own cultural, social and political system known as the Gadaa system. It is a uniquely democratic political and social institution that governed the life of every individual in the society from birth to death. Oromos are best known for their egalitarian social system, gada and their military organization that enabled them to emerge as one of the strongest ethnonations in the Horn of Africa between the 12th and 19th centuries. Gada was a form of constitutional government; it was also a social system. Politically it was practiced through the election of political leaders by adult male suffrage every eight years; corrupt or dictatorial leaders would be removed from power through buqqisu, or recall before their official tenure. In the Gada system, there is an institution known as siqqee to prtect the rights of Oromo women. This institution promoted gender equality in Oromo society.

Gada closely connected social and political structures. Male Oromos were organized according to age and generation for both social and political activities. The gada government was based on democratic principles: the abbaa bokku was an elected "chairman" who presided over the assembly, and the abbaa duula (the defense minister) was one of the leading figures in the government. The abba boku presided over the assembly and proclaimed the laws, and the abbaa duula was the leader of the army. A council known as shanee or salgee and retired gada officials also assisted the abba boku in running the government. Gada laws were passed by the chaffee (assembly) and implemented by officials.

All gada officials were elected for eight years by universal adult male suffrage; the main criteria for election to office included bravery, knowledge, honesty, demonstrated ability, and courage. The gada government worked on local, regional, and central levels. The political philosophy of the gada system was manifested in three main principles of checks and balances created to avoid subordination and exploitation: periodic succession of eight years, balanced opposition between different parties, and power sharing between higher and lower political organs. The gada government was based on popular democracy and equal representation for adult males. This government had independent executive, legislative, and judicial branches for balancing and checking the power of political leaders to avoid corruption and misuse of power. Some elements of gada are still practiced in several parts of Oromia. The gada system was the pillar of Oromo culture and civilization, and it helped Oromos develop democratic political, economic, social, and religious institutions for many centuries. The gada political system and military organization enabled Oromos to defend themselves against enemies who were competinc with them for land, water, and power for many centuries. Today Oromia is a colony and Oromos are engaged in a national liberation movement to achieve their independence. Oromos support liberation organizations and the Ororno Liberation Army. There are many Oromo organizations in North America, Europe and Africa that support the Oromo national movement. Oromos are struggling for self-determination and to form an Oromian State that will reflect the gada system of popular and representative democracy.




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